Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio for Purists & Minimalists (2023)


A Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio is a simpler implementation of the popular Bogleheads 4-Fund Portfolio that is globally diversified in stocks and bonds. Here we’ll look at its components, historical performance, and the best ETFs to use for it in 2023.

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What Is the Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio?

The Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio is just a simpler version of the popular Bogleheads 4 Fund Portfolio (that holds global stocks and global bonds), which is just the Bogleheads 3 Fund Portfolio + international bonds.

A 2-fund version of a Boglehead strategy is the least popular of these 3 portfolios, so I’m not going to spend time here going over the benefits of things like indexing and global diversification. If you’ve landed here, you probably already know those things. If not, go read my post on the Bogleheads 3 Fund Portfolio first and then come back here.

The point of this post is just to show how a Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio is the simplest, most agnostic implementation of global indexing for stocks and bonds outside of a target date fund, and it can be implemented with low-cost Vanguard funds. As such, it makes a nice choice for Boglehead purists and minimalists. This is more important than it may seem at first glance, as simplicity in portfolios is extremely valuable psychologically and its benefits are often overlooked.

I’m also not going to go over different asset allocations between stocks and bonds. Remember that there’s no set prescription for asset allocation by Boglehead model portfolios, and investors are encouraged to choose their own based on their personal goal(s), time horizon, and risk tolerance. I’ve got a post covering that here. As such, keeping with the theme of simplicity for the discussion here, I’m going to be using what is arguably a one-size-fits-most allocation of 80/20, meaning 80% stocks and 20% bonds.

Using 2 funds eliminates the need to choose how much should money go to the U.S. and how much money should go to international markets for both stocks and bonds, type(s) of bonds, and bond duration. This approach lets the market decide those allocations, assets, and effective duration based on their relative market cap weights.

As such, this is again the most agnostic, hands-off way to implement this type of Boglehead strategy, which effectively saves the investor a lot of mental effort and mitigates uncertainty and the investor’s own biases. Using 2 funds instead of 4 funds also simplifies rebalancing, saving the investor time as well.

Thus, an 80/20 allocation for the Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio is as follows:

  • 80% Total World Stock Market
  • 20% Total World Bond Market
bogleheads 2 fund portfolio

Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio ETF Pies for M1 Finance

We can construct the 80/20 Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio using 80% VT, the Vanguard Total World Stock ETF, and 20% BNDW, the Vanguard Total World Bond ETF.

Here’s that pie to use on M1 Finance.

M1 Finance is a great choice of broker to implement the Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio because it makes regular rebalancing seamless and easy, has zero transaction fees, allows fractional shares, and incorporates dynamic rebalancing for new deposits. I wrote a comprehensive review of M1 Finance here.

Canadian investors can use Questrade, and those outside North America can use eToro.

M1 Finance currently has a promotion for up to $250 when initially funding an investment account, as outlined below:

m1 seed promo 2022

They also currently have a transfer bonus promotion for up to $2,500 when transferring an existing account from another brokerage, as outlined below:

m1 transfer bonus 2021

What do you think of the Bogleheads 2 Fund Portfolio? Let me know in the comments.

Don’t want to do all this investing stuff yourself or feel overwhelmed? Check out my flat-fee-only fiduciary friends over at

Disclosure: None.

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Disclaimer:  While I love diving into investing-related data and playing around with backtests, I am in no way a certified expert. I have no formal financial education. I am not a financial advisor, portfolio manager, or accountant. This is not financial advice, investing advice, or tax advice. The information on this website is for informational and recreational purposes only. Investment products discussed (ETFs, mutual funds, etc.) are for illustrative purposes only. It is not a recommendation to buy, sell, or otherwise transact in any of the products mentioned. Do your own due diligence. Past performance does not guarantee future returns. Read my lengthier disclaimer here.

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